School-Related Laws

The laws set forth in this handbook are published because they are commonly enforced on school premises or at school-related activities. However, there are many other laws, both state and federal, as well as municipal and/or county ordinances which have full force and effect on students and/or others who are on school premises. Anyone who is on school property is also subject to those laws and ordinances as well.

§ 16-17-420. Disturbing schools

It shall be unlawful for any person wilfully or unnecessarily to interfere with or to disturb in any way or in any place the students or teachers of any school or college in this State, to loiter about such school or college premises or to act in an obnoxious manner thereon; or for any person to enter upon any such school or college premises or loiter around the premises, except on business, without the permission of the principal or president in charge.

Any person violating any of the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, on conviction thereof, shall pay a fine of not more than one thousand dollars or be imprisoned in the county jail for not more than ninety days.

§16-3-1040. Threatening life, person or family of public official

It is unlawful for any person to knowingly and willfully deliver or convey to a public official or to a teacher or principal of an elementary or secondary school any letter or paper, writing, print, missive, document, or electronic communication or any verbal or electronic communication which contains any threat to take the life of or to inflict bodily harm upon the public official, teacher, or principal, or members of their immediate families.

§16-17-510. Enticing enrolled child from attendance in public school

It is unlawful for a person to encourage, entice, or conspire to encourage or entice any child enrolled in the public elementary or secondary schools of this State from attendance in such public school or school program or transports or provides transportation in aid to encourage or entice a child rom attendance in public school or school program.  A person who violates the provisions of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction shall be fined not more than $500 or imprisoned not more than 30 days, or both, for a first offense; $1,000 or imprisoned not more than two years, or both, for a second and subsequent offense.

§59-63-1110. Consent to search person or his effects

Any person entering the premises of any school in this State shall be deemed to have consented to a reasonable search of his person and effects.

§59-63-1120. Searches by school administrators or officials with or without probable cause

School administrators and officials may conduct reasonable searches on school property of lockers, desks, vehicles, and personal belongings such as purses, book bags, wallets, and satchels with or without probable cause.

§59-67-245. Interference with operation of school bus; penalties

No person shall wilfully and wrongfully interfere with the operation of a school bus, either public or private, by boarding, restricting movement or using threats, either physical or verbal, to the driver or any passenger while the bus is engaged in the transportation of pupils to and from school or any lawful school activity or while passengers are entering or leaving the bus nor shall any person wilfully fail or refuse to obey a lawful order of a school bus driver relating to the occupancy of a school bus. The use of threatening, obscene or profane language addressed to the driver or any passenger entering, leaving or waiting for a school bus is disorderly conduct and any person convicted for the use of such language shall be punished as provided in Section 16-17-530. Nothing contained herein shall be interpreted to infringe upon the power and duties of duly constituted authorities.

§59-67-415. Parental responsibility for safe and timely arrival of children to and from bus stop

Parents or guardians are responsible for the safety, conduct, and the timely arrival of their children to, from, and at the designated school bus stop before the arrival of the school bus for pick up and transport to school and the timely departure of the children after the school bus leaves the designated school bus stop after transporting the children from school. For purposes of this section, the phrase "arrival of the school bus" includes the time that the school bus assigned to the school bus stop activates the required pedestrian safety devices, stops, and loads or unloads students until the school bus deactivates all pedestrian safety devices.​